DNS (Domain Name System) is a fundamental component of the internet that translates human-readable domain names into machine-readable IP addresses. It acts as a directory that maps domain names, like www.example.com, to the corresponding IP addresses, like 192.0.2.1.
Common DNS Entries and Their Meanings:
- A Record (Address Record): This maps a domain name to an IPv4 address. It allows you to point a domain or subdomain to a specific web server or hosting provider.
- AAAA Record (IPv6 Address Record): Similar to the A record, but for mapping domain names to IPv6 addresses, which are longer and used for newer internet protocols.
- CNAME Record (Canonical Name Record): This points a domain or subdomain to another domain or subdomain. It is commonly used to create aliases or set up subdomains.
- MX Record (Mail Exchange Record): This maps a domain to the mail server responsible for receiving incoming email. It specifies the mail server's hostname or IP address.
- TXT Record (Text Record): This allows you to add arbitrary text to a DNS record. It is commonly used for domain verification, SPF (Sender Policy Framework) records for email authentication, and other purposes.
- NS Record (Name Server Record): This specifies the authoritative DNS servers for a domain. It tells other DNS servers where to find the DNS information for a particular domain.
- SOA Record (Start of Authority Record): This contains administrative information about a DNS zone, including the primary DNS server, contact email, and various timing settings.
- PTR Record (Pointer Record): This performs the reverse DNS lookup, mapping an IP address back to a domain name. It is commonly used for reverse DNS checks, such as verifying the legitimacy of email senders.
- SRV Record (Service Record): This provides information about specific services offered by a domain. It is commonly used for protocols like SIP (Session Initiation Protocol) and XMPP (Extensible Messaging and Presence Protocol).
Understanding these common DNS entries is essential for managing your domain's DNS settings and ensuring that your website, email, and other services function correctly.